The city of Bursa, southeast of the Sea of Marmara, lies on the lower slopes of Uludag (Mt. Olympos of Mysia, 2543 meters). The city derives its name from its founder King Prusias of Bithynia. Its previous antique name was Prussa ad Hypium. It subsequently came under Roman, then Byzantine rule before falling to Orhan Gazi in 1326, when it became the first capital of the Ottoman Empire. Many important Ottoman buildings remain.
Known as "Green Bursa", the city is filled with gardens and parks and overlooks a verdant plain. It is at the center of an important fruit growing region. Bursa was, and is still, famous for its peaches, silk trade, towel manufacture and thermal springs. Make a point to try the locally-created iskender Kebab, a dish of bread, tomato sauce, strips of grilled meat, melted butter and yogurt. Candied chestnuts are another regional specialty.
A tour of the city begins in the eastern section at the Yesil Tiirbe (Green Mausoleum) Set in a garden and distinguished by its exterior paneling of tiles, the mausoleum holds the tiled cenotaph of Sultan Mehmet I. Across the street, the Yesil Mosque of 1424 reflects the new Ottoman, as opposed to Seljuk, aesthetic. A medrese nearby completes the complex and is also home to the Ethnography Museum. Before exploring this area, stop for a glass of tea in one of the traditional tea houses. Going uphill, to the east, you pass by the Emir Sultan Mosque in its delightful setting, and after walking through a district of old houses you reach the Yildinm Bayezid Mosque (1391).
Now make your way to Cumhuriyet Square (known locally as Heykel) and stroll along Ataturk Avenue to Kora Park where outdoor cafes are set among flowers and fountains. At the back of the park, a long building, the Koza Han (1490). houses the silk cocoon trade. From here you proceed to the covered bazaar area, with its narrow streets, caravanserais and bedesten. On the other side of Koza Park stands one of Bursa's oldest religious buildings, the Orhan Gazi Mosque, built in 1339. Nearby is the large Ulu Mosque, constructed in the Seljuk style. A finely carved walnut mimber (speaker's platform) and impressive calligraphic panels decorate the mosque. The Şadirvan (ablutionary fountain) lies uncharacteristically within the mosque itself under the ceiling of twenty domes.
Walking west from the Ulu Mosque you arrive at Hisar. an old and picturesque quarter of Bursa. In the park that overlooks the valley are the mausoleums of Osman, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, and his son Orhan Gazi, who commanded the army that conquered Bursa. The cafes of Tophane offer a good place to stop for refreshment.
At the Yildiz Park Tea Gardens in the Muradiye quarter, you get a superb view of the Muradiye Complex. The compound, in a tranquil park-like setting, contains the Mosque of Sultan Murat II (1426) built in the style of the Yesil Mosque and the tombs of Murat II, Şehzade Cem and Şehzade Mustafa. These contain some of the loveliest decoration and tile work. The nearby Ottoman House Museum is in a restored 17th century dwelling that provides an interesting glimpse into the lives of wealthy Ottomans.
Other places of interest in Bursa include the Culture Park with the Bursa Archaeological Museum, TOFAS Museum of Anatolian Cars which has been opened recently, the Atatiirk Museum on the road to Cekirge and the City Museum.
The western suburb of Cekirge has been known since Roman times for its warm springs rich in minerals. Many modern hotels have thermal bath facilities or, you can also visit the old hamams. Yeni Kaplica (New Spring) was built in 1552 by Rustem Pasa, the Grand Vizier of Suleyman the Magnificent. The Eski Kaplica (Old Spring), built on the site of the original Byzantine baths, is the oldest bath. The Karamustafa Pasa baths are reputed to have the best hot mineral waters in the area. Buildings of interest in Cekirge include the Mosque and Mausoleum of Murat I and the tomb of Suleyman Celebi, a religious poet. The monument to Karagöz commemorates the character whose humorous antics are immortalized in Turkish Shadow Puppet Theater.
Thirty-six kilometers from Bursa is Uludag, the largest center for winter sports in Turkey and offers a variety of activities, accommodation and entertainment. The slopes are easily reached by car or cable car (teleferik). December to May is the best time for skiing, although the area, Uludag National Park, is well worth a visit at any time of the year for the lovely views and wonderful fresh air.
A seaside resort town 25 km from Bursa, Mudanya's fine fish restaurants and nightclubs are popular with the residents of Bursa. The Armistice Museum is also worth a visit. Just 12 km from Mudanya, Zeytinbagi (Tirilye) exemplifies the architecture and layout of a typical Turkish town.
The Gulf of Gemlik 29 km from Bursa has wide sandy beaches, of which Kumla is the favorite.
Bolu, together with the Abant Region, is not only an ideal place giving the joy of a pleasurable stay but also provides the best setting for meetings and convention tourism. Throughout the summer times the area receives both domestic and international tourists in its accommodation centres which are of high quality and offer a parade of services for a satisfactory stay. The tourism establishments also provide to their guests facilities for seminars, symposiums, panels in a beautiful natural environment.
If you want to see the beauties of Bolu, which were kneaded by the nature, mankind and history together and listen to the folk songs of Koroglu which are sang by the mountains, all you need to do is endure a bus journey. Reaching Bolu Province is quite easy, as the city is located nearly at the middle point of the highway, which connects the two major cities, Ankara and Istanbul.
Antalya / Adrasan - OlymposAntalya has a backdrop of stunning mountain scenery, and the city is set high on cliffs, with many of its grandest hotels overlooking the sea on the outskirts of the town. The beach area of Lara, approximately 12 km to the east is home to the best beach in the area, known for its golden sand, which is rapidly becoming a resort in its own right. To the west, the long pebble beach of Konyaaltı is also popular. Heading up into the mountains, you can make the most of the beautiful scenery by visiting the spectacular Düden or Kurşunlu waterfalls. At Saklıkent, just 50 km away from the city centre, you can even ski, where they usually have snow on the slopes until early April.
The Altın Portakal (Golden Orange) film festival is held annually in the autumn. Antalya has a large number of 5 star hotels, many of which have meetings facilities, and this, together with the Pyramid Congress Centre which can hold up to 3000 delegates make it a popular venue for conferences.
There are many holiday resorts like Alanya, Belek, Kalkan, Kaş, Kekova, Kemer, Olympos, Patara, Side within the borders of Antalya region.